10 Jobs That Quantum Computing Will Create




Job-seekers everywhere are concerned about the future of their careers in a changing technological landscape. As quantum computing becomes more accessible and ubiquitous, it's important to understand how this technology will affect the job market.

What kinds of jobs will be created by quantum computing? What can people do to prepare themselves for a career in a field that is still emerging?


1. Quantum Software Developer


To create a quantum computer is quite different from what one needs to do in order to make a traditional computer. There are very few programmers who have the knowledge and skills needed to write software for quantum computers, so this job is expected to be in very high demand. No other technology requires such specialized talent.


How to Get Ready

Quantum software developers need to have an advanced education in both physics and computer programming. An understanding of mathematics, algorithms, linear algebra and formal logic is also helpful.


2. Quantum Engineer


With the influx of investment into the field, there will be a demand for people who can efficiently build quantum computers. Engineers will need to be able to create circuits and machine designs that accommodate the quantum nature of the hardware.


How to Get Ready

Quantum engineers will need many of the same skills as traditional software developers, such as understanding algorithms and mathematics. They will also need an education in electrical engineering and computer science. The field is so new that those who have the necessary skills will be able to select the kinds of projects in which they work.


3. Quantum Physicist


One of the primary goals for this technology is to better understand the fundamental nature of reality, and anyone who wants to get into quantum computing should have a strong interest in theoretical physics. Quantum physicists are needed to propose experiments that may highlight the effects of quantum computing.


How to Get Ready

A Ph.D. in physics is usually required for this kind of research. The main skills necessary are a firm grounding in quantum physics, as well as experience with experimental design and data analysis. Quantum physicists may also be able to find positions in computer science departments at universities or private companies that specialize in hardware development.


4. Quantum Network Architect


Quantum computing is expected to have a major impact on the Internet and telecommunications industries because of its potential for creating unbreakable encryption codes. It's thought that this will lead to an increased use of quantum cryptography, so there will be demand for network architects who understand how such networks might work.


How to Get Ready

Quantum cryptography is a relatively new field, so there aren't established degree programs in the subject. However, knowledge of information theory, mathematics and network security are all helpful. A background in physics or computer science would be especially valuable for this job. The best way to get ready is to take courses in quantum mechanics, information theory and network architecture.


5. Quantum Fraud Prevention Specialist


The security of financial transactions over the Internet is a major concern for businesses, and quantum computers are expected to make it possible to create secure payment systems that cannot be hacked by traditional means. Because of this, there will be a demand for people who can design such systems.


How to Get Ready

In order to make a quantum computer, one needs a strong background in mathematics and an understanding of algorithms. One also needs experience writing code that implements those algorithms on a traditional computer. A degree in physics would be helpful as well.


6. Quantum Policy Analyst


Quantum computing technology has the potential to affect many different aspects of society, so there will be a need for policy wonks who can take the technology's implications into account. People in this job must understand how the technology works and interact with government officials to prevent people from abusing it.


How to Get Ready

Quantum computing is currently so new that knowledge of traditional cryptography is more important than that of quantum cryptography. A background in physics or computer science would be helpful, as well as any kind of work experience that deals with government policy.


7. Quantum Animator


A quantum computer has the potential to process visual data two to three times faster than a traditional one, so animators could use these devices to create more realistic 3D characters and scenes. The public is also expected to be more interested in movies and games that make use of quantum technology, so there will be a need for people who can create such content


How to Get Ready

Animation is an industry with many different specialties, but courses in computer science and 3D modeling are helpful. A degree in physics would be helpful as well.


8. Quantum Cryptographer


This is kind of like the opposite of a quantum information systems specialist, except that it deals with what happens to data after it's processed by a quantum computer. The goal is to make sure that the data cannot be hacked and read by unauthorized people. People who can do this will need to understand quantum physics, mathematics and cryptography.


How to Get Ready

People interested in becoming quantum cryptographers should take courses in network security, quantum mechanics, information theory and classical cryptography. A degree in computer science would be helpful as well. Working with practical cryptographic systems is also very helpful for this career path.


9. Quantum Software Engineer


To build applications with quantum computers, software engineers will need to understand at least some aspects of quantum computing. People in this job should also have experience programming in C++ and Python, as well as knowledge of database management systems.


How to Get Ready

The best way to get ready for this job is to take courses in computer science and familiarize yourself with the Linux operating system. Experience writing code for traditional computers and working with databases is helpful as well.


10. Quantum Network Administrator


As we've already seen, quantum computers can process data much faster than traditional ones can, which means that they will be able to handle more network traffic. People who know how to set up, repair and maintain these computers will be in demand. Network administrators should have a general understanding of physics, chemistry and math as well.


How to Get Ready

A network administrator needs experience with networking protocols and hardware, so courses in computer science are helpful. It is also important to have a background in problem solving and possess good communication skills in order to interact with customers and technicians.



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